Hello! I’m Mirai Tanikawa. On 5/17, we invite Mr. Yoshinori Takeda, who works in Ministry of Foreign Affairs, especially for disarmament and non-proliferation.
He spoke frankly about Japanese foreign policy and the present condition. He told us that MOFA is promoting nuclear disarmament, non-proliferation and nuclear security, by using advantages as the only atom-bombed country, ultimately for Japanese security. Although he admitted that disarmament not always results in peace, he would believe that if it’s done carefully enough, MOFA’s policy helps Japanese and the world peace.
What I can do is small, but I, as a member of this seminar, will deeply think and study about peace, nuclear weapons and atomic bomb victims, and broadcast using a sense as a student, believing that it will become a tiny power for peace.
After watching ‘Waltz with Bashir’ – the meaning of Memory
This is the animated documentary into the horrors of the 1982 Lebanon War, based on the director Ari Folman him self’s experience and the interviews from his old friends and comrades. The story begins with the scene of 26 vicious dogs chasing Ari’s one old friend. They conclude it has a connection to their Israeli Army mission invading Palestine. But unlike Ari’s friend who remembers what had happened and haunted by guilt, Ari cannot remember a thing, and he decides to meet his old friends and comrades, delving into the memory he has forgotten. Throughout the film, Ari finally gets to recall what had happened and what he had done at the Sabra and Shatila refugee camps.
So why was Ari so desperate about delving into his erased memory, maybe knowing it would be a painful one? Why was it so important to him and what is he trying to say through this film? Being curious about these, I came to rethink about the meaning of ‘MEMORY’: What does memory mean to us who has not experienced the war or massacre, and what does it mean to the people who have suffered? Why do we need to remember the pains that may even seem irrelative to us and how do we need to deal with that memory?
WAR is something like a MOVIE. In the film, there is a scene people watching the battlefield with bullets flying over and people dying out, just like the audience watching a movie. When we watch a movie, the way we interpret that movie or the most impressive scene differs depending on people. Just like that, the war is remembered in his or her own different way. Some would forget eventually, some would remember only the part they want to remember, and some would live with the distorted memory. Therefore, even though what people remember, the images they have about the battleground may be a fact, but we cannot determine it is the ‘truth’. Still, I do believe memory is something actually matters and something we should remember and share because there is something we should NOT forget in any case, the PAIN.
Anyone who is related to the war or massacre lives every day with torment. Sometimes it is too painful to live with it, so they forget or intentionally erase those happenings. It may be just one page of the history book to the people without experience, but it is a REALITY to them and it is still going on. The tragedy someone might have felt, the pain someone might have borne, and the loss someone might have gone through. These are something that should not be faded away and something that we should not try to erase.
So, what does memory mean to us without experience? Why is it important to us? I believe it is because the memory leads us to the place where we should be. When we do not have any memory, we fill those empty spaces with a vision, but when that space is filled with facts, the stories of people suffered of suffering, we finally get to know what it was like and how cruel people can get. Therefore, memory is the point where we can try to share the tragedy and sympathize, the point we think over our history, and the point we promise ourselves that we should not repeat the same mistake ever again.
And why is it important to people with experience? The process of delving into the memory is painful and making them recall those times again might raise some ethical problems. Thus, I don’t blame people who erased their memories or people who don’t want to talk about it anymore, but I do believe, people can feel catharsis by sharing their torment together, and it can be a way to heal their pains. At some point in their lives, they may run into the situation that reminds them of the battlefield, or the moment memory haunting them back. At that point, I just want them to know that they are not alone. There are people with same or similar experience out there in the world, and people who are willing to understand their pain and trying to share it with them.
Including us, no one can change what already happened in the past. But we CAN change the future. The future is ours and we are responsible for making world without war, world with peace. When we do not look back our past, we are tend to make the same mistakes, so not to go over the same tragedy, we should learn from the past and memory, and this would be the reason why Ari was so desperate to get his lost memories back.
Hello! I’m Ryosei.
Let me make a summary here of this week’s activities.
First , we parted into six groups to analyze the following materials(*) and shared reports on how voices of hibakusya (victims of atomic bombs in Hiroshima and Nagasaki) are broadcasted in Japan.
①Hiroshima Peace Memorial Museum (text and video):
②Nagasaki Atomic Bomb Museum (text):
③National Peace Memorial Halls for the Atomic Bomb Victims of Hiroshima and Nagasaki (text, audio and video):
④Asahi Newspaper (text – currently call for translation volunteers):
⑤Chugoku Newspaper (video):
This comparison gave us insight into how we can (and should) tell their testimony to others.
At the same time we tried to define and make it clear that for what we are learning ‘war , memories and remembering’ , and to whom we should appeal.
Before answering this , we have to question ourselves about ‘ Who are we? ‘ ‘ To what kind of generation are we belonged in the context of history? ‘
As you know hibakusya are getting older and the number of them is decreasing at a faster pace. So maybe we are in the last generation that can be shared the same time with them. I think this is the central point and the most important premise we should keep in mind.
Time is limited but there are piles of issues and attempts to discuss and consider. We are now tackling and struggling with them together , and i’m sure we will have done a good job finally.
Thank you for reading !